Financial Crime of Manipulation
The financial crime of manipulation, regulated under Capital Market Law No. 6362, aims to protect investors from market manipulations. It involves transaction-based and information-based manipulation of capital market instruments. Manipulative acts include creating false impressions, giving orders, canceling or changing orders, and performing account activities. The crime affects the national economy and the proper functioning of the capital market. Wash sales, matched orders, concentration, impossible orders, and opening-closing market manipulation are common manipulative transaction types. Information-based manipulation involves giving false information, spreading rumors, making news, or preparing misleading reports. The crime carries penalties of imprisonment and fines. Effective remorse provisions apply to transaction-based manipulation. The competent court for such crimes is the Istanbul Criminal Courts of First Instance.