Employee Stock Option Plans and Effects on M&A Practices in Türkiye
Employee stock option plans (ESOPs) are extensively used, particularly in the US, where startups are increasingly using them to reward key employees. These plans grant employees the opportunity to become shareholders or gain share benefits based on set conditions. ESOPs have gained traction in Turkey, benefiting both companies and employees. They play a crucial role in employee motivation and retention. During mergers and acquisitions, considerations like due diligence, deal structure, and tax implications become important. ESOPs can take the form of Direct Stock Options (ownership) or Phantom Stock Options (financial benefits). Tax implications and gains from appreciation also impact ESOPs.