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    Contributors Gökçe

    Gökçe is an independent law firm with full-service capacity based in Istanbul. Gökçe offers a broad range of legal services with a pragmatic and business-minded approach to meet the needs of its diverse client base, ranging from the most reputable international banks to rapidly expanding international companies. Since its establishment in 2010, Gökçe has been experiencing constant progress. Established mostly with the aim to specialize in technology law, Gökçe has garnered a solid reputation for its expertise in technology and media. Moreover, Gökçe has become a go-to law firm for high-profile commercial disputes.


    Gökçe is the Turkish representative of Interlaw, a highly ranked international law firm network.


    Gökçe is also a member of Lawyers Associated Worldwide, a global resource of locally respected law firms.


    As the last groundbreaking progress, Gökçe team published the first E-Sports Law book in Turkey.


    Gökçe has bolstered its IP, media and entertainment practice in 2021.

     

    Main Areas of Practice


    Technology, Media, Communication & Privacy

    Gökçe’s TMC & Privacy team’s reputation is built on delivering commercial and practical legal advice to clients active in the digital sphere in various industries, ranging from multinational Global 2000 enterprises to venture capitals and start-ups. With a highly qualified team, Gökçe’s scope of services covers broad range of matters including matters of IT law, internet law, cybersecurity law, telecommunications law, intellectual property law, consumer law, e-commerce and data protection.


    Team members frequently provide mentoring to emerging growth companies at leading start-up incubators and accelerators including İTÜ Çekirdek and Endeavor Turkey. Clients such as Hilton, N11, Nimo.tv (HUYA), All Stars Music, Eternal Fire, Onedio, Inofab, Evreka, Figopara are all widely recognized game changers in their respective industries; and Gram Games (a Zynga company), Masomo, Miniclip, and Codeway Games, all prominent actors in the e-gaming industry.


    The TMC & Privacy team is led by Turkish IT and Privacy Law “star” Dr. Bedii Kaya, along with his deep expertise in data analysis, data protection, cybersecurity, and internet law. In 2021, Gökçe strengthened its Media, Entertainment and IP practice with representing and providing legal consultancy to its international and domestic clients for their IP related projects including cross border licensing, IP portfolio management, linear channels and VOD platforms, NFT projects, IP/IT related dispute resolutions, due diligence processes, merger & acquisitions in media & entertainment sectors, data protection requirements in Turkey, local compliances and so on.


    Corporate, M&A & Venture Capital
    Corporate, M&A and Venture Capital team focuses on large to middle-market cross border and domestic corporate transactions in various industries. Gökçe advises on a range of corporate issues including mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, venture capital transactions, corporate restructurings, spin-offs and corporate governance. Clients include Farasis Energy (Ganzhou), Figopara, Gedik Yatırım, hiVC, WorleyParsons, and Çelebi Holding. Team members are also highly adept in growth investment transactions and represent founder-led technology companies, from early stage all the way up to growth phase and exit.

    Gökçe advised:

    • FIT Solutions (Foriba) founders on the sale of their shares to Sovos, a leading global tax compliance and regulatory reporting software company
    • Gram Games, a leading Turkish mobile game company on the acquisition by Zynga Inc
    • Four Mobile (Masomo) in the acquisition by Tencent owned mobile games developer Miniclip
    • Gameguru on the sale of one of its most downloaded hyper casual games (namely, Slap Kings) to Lion Studios
    • HI Venture Capital a licensed venture capital investment company in its establishment
    • Various emerging growth companies on financings by private equity giants and growth/venture capital investors such as EBRD, IFC, Revo Capital, Endeavor, 500 Startups and Growth Circuit
    • Evreka, an outstanding waste collection solutions SaaS company
    • Neo Auvra, a pioneering medical health company
    • Figopara, a major fintech company acting as intermediary for trade finance transactions
    • Inofab, an innovative medical device company
    • Onedio, a prominent Turkish online content provider


    Banking & Finance & Capital Markets
    Gökçe has extensive experience in banking & finance and capital markets transactions, particularly in project financings.

    On the banking side, Gökçe provides international and local banks with legal advice on daily operational issues, multilateral and bilateral institutional support, equity fund investment and credit enhancement. On the finance side, Gökçe acts for both Turkish and foreign banks in a large spectrum of financing transactions, including domestic and cross-border transactions. On the capital markets side Gökçe’s practice covers the full range of transactions.

    Team members have represented İş Bankası, Vakıfbank, Ziraat Bankası, OdeaBank, TSKB, T-Bank, Fibabanka, Gedik Yatırım, Worldpay, CBH Compagnie Bancaire Helvétiqueand Nurol Holding on various project finance and financial restructuring transactions including energy sector, infrastructure, real estate project financing, acquisition financing and other types of asset financing.


    Dispute Resolution
    Gökçe has profound knowledge and experience in litigation, especially in commercial and IP related disputes. Gökçe represented N11(Doğuş), NRC International, FIT Solutions, Celebi Aviation, BBraun, V-Count, Onedio, Trendbox, ASB Modern, Seacor Holding on various commercial disputes.

    Employment
    Gökçe’s employment team has an extensive expertise in handling the full spectrum of employment and labour law issues. It advises numerous clients including Biopipe, Evreka, Gram Games (a Zynga company), Codeway Games, Alba Prestige, Alictus and various company directors/managers on:

    • Employment Contracts
    • Termination of Employment
    • Employment Disputes
    • Settlement of Disputes
    • Social Security Disputes


    Debt Recovery & Debt Collection
    Gökçe has a wide practice of debt collection activities including foreclosure proceedings, primarily conducted for high volume commercial receivables of its clients. Gökçe represents Çelebi Aviation, Alpla, Seacor Holding, Geniks Kongre, Özak Global, B-Braun.

    Criminal Law
    Gökçe’s criminal law team represents clients in complex criminal law matters in relation to commercial fraud, white collar, financial, cyber, reconstruction crimes and data protection offenses. Gökçe’s criminal law clientele includes well-known individuals in Turkey.

    Key Contacts

    Commercial, Corporate and M&A, Banking and Finance
    Fintech, Media & Entertainment, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship and Technology & Telecoms
    Commercial, Corporate and M&A, Fintech

    Awards

    Commercial & Corporate, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship
    Fintech, Media & Entertainment, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship and Technology & Telecoms
    Commercial & Corporate, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship
    Fintech, Media & Entertainment, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship, Technology & Telecoms
    Commercial, Corporate and M&A, Banking and Finance
    Commercial, Corporate and M&A, Fintech
    Fintech, Media & Entertainment, Startup Law & Entrepreneurship, Technology & Telecoms

    NIS2 Direktifi: AB’de Yeni Siber Güvenlik Kuralları

    NIS2 Direktifi: AB’de Yeni Siber Güvenlik Kuralları Avrupa Komisyonu tarafından kabul edilen ağ ve bilgi sistemlerinin güvenliğine ilişkin NIS 2 Direktifi 27 Aralık 2022 tarihinde Avrupa Birliği (AB) Resmî Gazetesi’nde yayımlandı ve 16 Ocak 2023’te yürürlüğe girdi. NIS2 Direktifi, üye devletlerde siber güvenlik düzenlemelerini ve siber güvenlik önlemlerinin uygulanmasını uyumlu hale getirmeyi amaçlıyor. Bu kapsamda NIS2 Direktifi, AB’de siber güvenliği güçlendirme yönünde atılmış oldukça önemli bir adım.
    Asst. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Bedii Kaya
    Elif Aksöz

    NIS2 Directive: New Cyber Security Rules in the EU

    The NIS 2 Directive on the security of networks and information systems adopted by the European Commission was published in the European Union (EU) Official Journal on 27 December 2022 and entered into force on 16 January 2023. The NIS2 Directive aims to harmonize cybersecurity regulations and the implementation of cybersecurity measures in member states. In this context, the NIS2 Directive constitutes a significant step towards strengthening cyber security in EU.
    Asst. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Bedii Kaya
    Elif Aksöz

    Açık Bankacılık Hizmetlerine İlişkin Rehber Yayımlandı

    Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası (TCMB), 30 Aralık 2022 tarihinde açık bankacılık hizmetleri hakkında “Ödeme Hizmetlerinde Veri Paylaşım Servislerine İlişkin Rehber” (Rehber) yayımladı. Açık bankacılık (Open banking / open bank data), müşterilere daha iyi ve hızlı hizmetler sunulmasını amaçlayan bir hizmet türü. Bu kapsamda, müşterinin açık rızasıyla finansal sistemlerde yer alan verileri, üçüncü taraf hizmet sağlayıcıların erişimine açılır. Açık bankacılık hizmeti ile müşteriler finansal hesaplarında yer alan tüm verilerine tek ekran üzerinden erişim sağlayıp, işlemlerini gerçekleştirebilirler. Türkiye’de ise açık bankacılık hizmetleri, TCMB tarafından düzenlenip denetlenmekte.
    Yağmur Yollu
    Elif Aksöz

    Guide to Open Banking Services is Published

    The Central Bank of the Republic of Türkiye (TCMB) has published the “Guide to Data Sharing Services in Payment Services” (Guide) on “open banking” services on 30 December 2022. Open banking (open bank data) aims to provide better and faster services to customers. In this context, it ensures that the data in the financial system is made available to third-party service providers with the explicit consent of the customer. Open banking services allows customers to access all data in their financial accounts from a single screen and initiate their transactions. Moreover, open banking services in Turkey are regulated and supervised by the TCMB.
    Yağmur Yollu
    Elif Aksöz

    Karşılıksız Çekler için Bankaların Ödemekle Yükümlü Olduğu Miktar Güncellendi

    5941 sayılı Çek Kanunu (Kanun) m. 3/3 hükmü uyarınca, düzenleyici dışında başka bir hamil tarafından karşılıksız çek ibraz edilmesi durumunda bankalar, her bir çek yaprağı için belli bir bedel ödemekle yükümlü tutulmuştur.   Kanun uyarınca çekin karşılığının banka tarafından ödenebilmesi için kanuni ibraz süresi içinde bankaya ibraz edilmesi gerekmektedir. Çekin karşılığı mevcut değil ise banka görevlileri çeki ibraz eden hamilin talepte bulunması hâlinde bu çekle ilgili olarak karşılıksızdır işlemi yapmakla yükümlüdürler. Ancak karşılıksızdır işleminin yapılabilmesi için çekin süresinde ibraz edilmesi gerekmektedir.
    Aslıhan Kayhan
    Başak Taş

    Artificial Intelligence: New Day New Developments

    Artificial intelligence is used in a wide range of capacities in business today and it is already fundamentally changing almost every business activity. In general, AI refers to any sort of computer software that performs humanlike tasks like planning, learning, and problem-solving.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Elif Aksöz

    Yapay Zekâ: Her Güne Yeni Bir Gelişme

    Yapay zekâ günümüzde birçok farklı sektörde kullanılmaya ve neredeyse her ticari faaliyeti temelden değiştirmeye başladı. Genel olarak tanımlamak gerekirse, yapay zekâ, planlama, öğrenme ve problem çözme gibi insani görevleri yerine getiren her türlü bilgisayar yazılımı olarak ifade edilebilir.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Elif Aksöz

    Fan Tokens from a Legal Perspective

    As fan tokens have developed into a tool that enables fans to demonstrate and strengthen the bond they have formed with their clubs, we are witnessing that many sports clubs, both abroad and in our country, have their own fan tokens. In this article, we examined fan tokens from a legal standpoint.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Elif Aksöz

    Hukuki Perspektiften Taraftar Tokenleri

    Taraftar tokenlerinin taraftarların kulüpleriyle kurdukları bağı göstermesine ve güçlendirmesine olanak sağlayan bir araç haline gelmesiyle birlikte hem yurt dışında hem de ülkemizde pek çok spor kulübünün kendisine ait taraftar tokenine sahip olduğunu görüyoruz. Bu yazımızda taraftar tokenlarını hukuki perspektiften sizler için analiz ettik.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Elif Aksöz

    Usufruct Right on Registered Shares in Joint Stock Companies

    The right of usufruct is a real right granting its holder full power to benefit from the subject of the right. This right can be established over movables, immovables, or other rights or assets. It follows naturally that a usufruct right can be established on the company share as well. Establishing the usufruct right on company shares are regulated under Turkish Commercial Code (Law No. 6102) (“TCC”). While there are several reasons for granting a usufruct right over company shares, one commonly encountered scenario is the shareholder granting the usufruct rights to its creditors for its debts.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Elif Aksöz

    Türkiye E-Spor Federasyonu Ana Statüsü Yayımlandı

    Türkiye E-Spor Federasyonu Ana Statüsü (Statü), Türkiye E-Spor Federasyonu (Federasyon) tarafından Spor Kulüpleri ve Spor Federasyonları Kanunu (Kanun) ve Bağımsız Spor Federasyonlarının Çalışma Usul ve Esasları Hakkında Yönetmelik kapsamında hazırlanarak 18 Kasım 2022’de Resmî Gazete’de yayımlandı ve aynı tarihte yürürlüğe girdi.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Yağmur Yollu

    Turkish E-Sport Federation’s Main Statute is Published

    Turkish E-Sports Federation’s Main Statute (Statute) was published by the Turkey E-Sports Federation (Federation) in the Official Gazette and entered into force on 18 November 2022 within the Law on Sports Clubs and Sports Federations (Law) and the Regulation on Procedures and Principles on the Work of Independent Sports Federations.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Yağmur Yollu

    Haksız Ticari Uygulamalar Kapsamında Fahiş Fiyat Artışı

    Son dönemde karşılaşılan salgın, savaş, doğal afet, toplumsal ayaklanmalar, iç savaş ve kitlesel göç gibi birçok olay, geleceğe ilişkin belirsizliklerin oluşmasına ve beraberinde serbest piyasalarda güvensizlik ortamının doğmasına yol açmıştır. Piyasalarda yaşanan bu belirsizlik ve güvensizlik ortamı, mal/hizmet piyasalarında uygulanan fiyat politikalarını genel itibarıyla olumsuz yönde etkilemektedir. Ne var ki, ilgili mal/hizmet piyasasında hâkim durumda olan teşebbüslerin, bu hakimiyetlerini kötüye kullanarak belirsizlik ortamından etkilenmemek ve hatta daha kazançlı çıkmak için haklı bir gerekçe olmaksızın mal/hizmet fiyatlarında fahiş artışlar yaptığı görülmektedir. Teşebbüslerin bu yaklaşımı ile mevcut belirsizlik ve güvensizlik ortamı, piyasalarda fahiş fiyat oluşumlarına neden olmaktadır. Oluşan bu fahiş fiyat ortamından, piyasada faaliyet gösteren tüm birimler (ara toptancılar, perakendeciler, tüketiciler vs.) olumsuz yönde etkilenmektedir.
    Aslıhan Kayhan
    Başak Taş

    Court of Appeal Approved the Injunction Regarding NFT

    NFTs, defined as non-fungible digital assets, are possibly one of the most popular digital assets that have emerged in recent years. They have become prominent in the rapidly growing gaming industry, as well as health and art sectors. In this regard, NFTs are appealing to many artists, collectors and investors.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Aslıhan Kayhan

    Excessive Price Increase within the Scope of Unfair Commercial Practices

    Recent events such as pandemics, wars, natural disasters, social uprisings, civil wars and mass migration have led to the emergence of uncertainties about the future and an environment of mistrust in free markets. This environment of uncertainty and mistrust in markets generally has a negative impact on the price policies implemented in goods/services markets. However, enterprises that are in a dominant position in the relevant goods/services market may abuse their dominant position and increase the prices of goods/services without a proper justification in order to avoid being affected by uncertainty and even to increase their profits. This approach of enterprises and the existing environment of uncertainty and mistrust lead to exorbitant price formations in the markets. All units that operate in the market (intermediate wholesalers, retailers, consumers, etc.) are adversely affected by this exorbitant price environment.
    Aslıhan Kayhan
    Başak Taş

    Green Light to Cryptocurrency Payments from Brazil

    Brazil's Chamber of Deputies has approved the bill titled “(PL) 4.041/2021” (Bill) regulating the cryptocurrency industry in the country. Once the Bill enters into force, all cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, will be able to be used as a means of payment in the country.
    Yağmur Yollu
    Elif Aksöz

    Latest European Court of Justice Ruling on Dereferencing from Search Engines

    A significant decision was published by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on 8 December 2022. The decision concerns search engine operators with respect to processing requests for dereferencing webpages and image thumbnails, along with the burden of proof regarding the dereferencing.
    Yağmur Yollu
    Elif Aksöz

    İstinaf Kabul Etti: NFT’ye İlişkin Tedbir Kararı

    Değiştirilemez dijital varlık olan tanımlanan NFT’lerin, son yıllarda ortaya çıkan en popüler dijital varlıklardan biri olduğu söylenebilir. NFT’ler hızla büyüyen oyun, finansal teknoloji, sağlık ve sanat gibi birçok sektöre damgasını vurmuş durumda. Bu kapsamda NFT, çok sayıda sanatçı, koleksiyoncu ve yatırımcıyı da kendine çekiyor.
    Görkem Gökçe
    Aslıhan Kayhan