Lawyers Efe Utku Çal

Efe Utku Çal

Efe Utku Çal

Gen & Temizer | Özer

Efe Utku Çal is a legal trainee.


Education

2023: Bahçeşehir University, Faculty of Law, Istanbul, LL.B.

2023: Bahçeşehir University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Istanbul, Minor in Economics


Languages

Turkish

English

Two-minute Recap of Recent Developments in Turkish Competition Law - March 2024

On 6 March 2024, the Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) announced the conclusion of its full-fledged investigation into potential violations of Turkish competition law through informal agreements (known as “gentleman’s agreements”) not to recruit each other’s employees.

14.04.2024

Two-minute Recap of Competition Law Matters Around the Globe – March 2024

X (formerly Twitter) and Booking have notified the European Commission (“EC”) of their potential gatekeeper status under the Digital Markets Act (“DMA”). The EC has 45 working days from 1 March 2024 to review the gatekeeper status. Companies will have six months to comply with the DMA if they are designated as gatekeepers.

08.04.2024

Avrupa Komisyonundan Apple'a Tarihi Ceza

Avrupa Komisyonu (“Komisyon”), 4 Mart 2024’te Apple’a, uygulama mağazası Apple App Store (“App Store”) aracılığıyla iPhone ve iPad kullanıcılarına (“iOS Kullanıcıları”) müzik dinleme uygulamalarının dağıtımı pazarındaki hâkim durumunu kötüye kullandığı gerekçesiyle 1,8 milyar Euro para cezası (yaklaşık 61 milyar TL) verdi.

27.03.2024

Two-minute Recap of Recent Developments in Turkish Competition Law - February 2024

Meta is currently under investigation for possible anti-competitive conduct through tying Instagram with Threads. In relation to this on-going investigation, the Board announced that it had taken interim measures to stop Meta from combining the data obtained from Instagram and Threads.

25.03.2024

Two-minute Recap of Competition Law Matters Around the Globe – February 2024

Pfizer has reached a USD 93 million settlement with drug purchasers who accused Pfizer of paying Ranbaxy to delay a generic version of the cholesterol drug Lipitor and therefore illegally extending its patent rights over Lipitor.

22.03.2024

Two-minute Recap of Recent Developments in Turkish Competition Law - January 2024

On 10 January 2024, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) announced that US tech conglomerate Meta failed to fulfil the compliance measures attached to its previous abuse of dominance decision.[1] As a result, the Board decided to impose a daily administrative monetary fine on Meta amounting to approximately EUR 146,000. The fine applies retroactively from 12 December 2023 and will be assessed daily until Meta provides a final compliance remedy that the TCA deems sufficient to restore effective competition in the market.

21.02.2024

Meta to Pay a Daily Fine for Non-compliance in Turkey

On 10 January 2024, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) announced that Meta failed to fulfil the compliance measures attached to its previous abuse of dominance decision.[1] As a result, the Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) decided to impose a daily administrative monetary fine on Meta amounting to approximately to EUR 146,000.

12.01.2024

Two-minute Recap of Recent Developments in Turkish Competition Law - December 2023

On 20 December 2023, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) held the “Workshop for the Preliminary Review of the Online Advertising Sector”, which was initiated in April. The workshop focused on behavioural and structural competition problems in the advertising sector and aimed to provide a platform for discussion prior to the conclusion of the sector report.

08.01.2024
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